Saturday, 26 October 2013

October Tour to Portugal 2013

A  juvenile Arctic Tern was a rare find at Qunto do Lago

 Day 1.
Wednesday 2nd of October 2013

We all met without any trouble at Faro airport with Stephen driving along from southern Spain with his own minibus ahead of the main group and meeting Brian and Virginia who’d arrived earlier. The other flights from Newcastle with Brian and Anne and Len and Gill arrived off the Gatwick flight with Robin and the rest of the party, Paul, Sue and Jenepher. Collecting the hire minibus we set off along the road to Tavira and our first hotel for four nights. The weather was overcast and humid and we had dinner then retired to our rooms to be bright and early for our first day’s birding.

Day 2.
Thursday 3rd of October 2013
It doesn’t get light until 7am in early October on the Algarve coast and our pre-breakfast recce around the salt flats at the back door of the hotel proved quite profitable.

Along the hotel road and the side tracks we came across a pair of Hoopoes, Willow Warbler, Sardinian Warbler and Crested Lark. Good numbers of Eurasian Spoonbills were seen in flight as were Black-tailed Godwit, Cormorants, Yellow-legged, Lesser Black-backed, Black-headed and Mediterranean Gulls. On the tidal estuary at the rear of the hotel Oystercatchers, Bar-tailed Godwits, Turnstone and Sanderling were seen. A single Sandwich Tern was watched in the distance and on the way to breakfast we saw three Little Owls in the Hotel pines.

Making our way slowly around the salt-pans that are around Tavira we found Osprey, Common Kestrel and Audouin’s Gulls and a short time later after watching Kentish and Greater-Ringed Plover, Dunlin, Curlew Sandpiper, Grey Plover, Pied Avocet, Little Stint, Greenshank, Whimbrel and Eurasian Curlew. Slender-billed Gull was 
next for our rarer birds list and a few Yellow Wagtails were seen. Some ducks were around and were flushed as the Osprey continued its search over the salt-pans for food. Gadwall, Common Pochard and some Mallard were identified and a lone Glossy Ibis flew off in the distance. Red-legged Partridge, Cattle Egrets and several White Storks were seen on nearby farmland with flocks of Domestic Pigeons.

We had lunch at the hotel and later travelled westwards to Quinto da Lago where we took a walk along the estuary at the golf course. Purple Swamphen, Common Coot and Moorhen greeted us at the small lake as Great Crested and Little Grebes swam around or dived for food. Cetti’s Warbler was heard then seen as were the many Sardinian Warblers that flitted through the scrub as did the ever present Zitiing Cisticola.

Stonechats and two Iberian Green Woodpeckers were seen and some small terns flew over the far side of the lake, often venturing closer. Surprisingly one was a juvenile Arctic Tern that was accompanied by a Black Tern and another ‘marsh’ tern which from photographs turned out to be a White-winged Black Tern. Five Little Terns were also seen and Willow Warbler, Pied and Spotted Flycatchers as well as some Greenfinch were watched.

Small fish leaping out at sea
We took time to watch the Yellow-backed Weavers that have colonized the area and on doing so spotted a lovely Wryneck close to some feeding Hoopoes. Another Wryneck was seen close by as we watched some Azure-winged Magpies feeding.

Juvenile Bonelli's Eagle

Great Bustards near Castro Verde

Day 3.
Friday the 4th of October 2013

After an early breakfast we headed north to the Castro Verde area. Southern Grey Shrikes, Northern Wheatears, Corn Buntings and Crested Larks were very much in evidence along the quiet country lanes.
Stopping and scanning at a riverside bridge we picked up a group of five Great Bustards in flight, their large silhouettes unmistakable across the landscape. A short time later Gill picked up a single Great Bustard feeding in low undulating farmland. This sighting turned out to be one of eleven birds that later took off and flew across the landscape. Five Little Bustards were also seen flying in the distance.

On the river we watched Kingfisher, Green Sandpiper, White Wagtail, Pied Flycatcher and Grey Heron. Common Buzzard and a single Black Kite was watched and to our delight two Black Storks circled over a small reservoir close by before heading off into the distance.
Near Mertola we picked up small groups of Griffon Vultures and had good views of the larger and much rarer Black Vulture.

After lunch we watched Red-rumped Swallows, Crag Martins, Barn Swallow and House Martins feeding along the river near Mertola. A party of Long-tailed Tits were also watched as were singles of Willow Warblers feeding through the roadside fennel.

Our return journey to Tavira was quite a long one and we retired after another lovely buffet dinner.

Church at Castro Verde

Common Dolphin off Sagres

Cory's Shearwater
 Day 4.
Saturday the 5th of October 2013

After an early breakfast we departed to Castro Marim on the border with Spain. Here the River Guadiana is the physical barrier and border between the two countries. The large natural park on the river’s edge is a good place to look for wetland and other species of birds.
Amongst a large flock of mixed gulls we fond Caspian Tern and the rarer Audouin’s Gull. Marsh Harriers were present quartering the marsh area and two Peregrine Falcons were seen flying across the salt pans and open olive groves.
White Storks lined the shallow muddy salt pans and a host of waders were seen.
Moving across to the western edge of the marshes we took a long walk around the perimeter of farmland watching many incoming Slender-billed Gulls. Huge numbers of Common Coot were seen and Eurasian Spoonbills and Greater Flamingos slept or fed in the pools or sat on top of the muddy banks. Masses of Northern Shoveler slept on various banks and stony barriers in the distance and close to them swam a huge raft of over 50 Black-necked Grebe.
Off Altura a distant Northern Gannet flew offshore and a few Mediterranean Gulls were seen in the distance as Yellow-legged and Lesser Black backed Gulls sat on the surface.

We took lunch at a local fish restaurant near the river mouth and later scanned a few areas and ponds for any unusual birds. A single Black-necked Grebe was seen which gave better views of the morning’s distant flock.

Back at the slat pans of Tavira we walked around one side of the slat works where Little Stint, Curlew Sandpiper, Kentish and Greater Ringed Plover were seen. A Slender-billed Gull was roosting with Black-headed Gulls and this gave us a good opportunity to compare these similar species in winter plumage.

One excellent find was a Grey Phalarope on one of the pools and we watched the bird’s feeding antics for some time. 

A short time later we watched a presumed hybrid Western Reef x Little Egret Egretta gularis x garzetta flew past and was later seen feeding on the estuary at the rear of our hotel.

(European) Storm Petrel

Great Shearwater

Great Shearwater

Day 5.
Sunday the 6th of October 2013

After another early breakfast we said farewell to our Tavira hotel and drove north-westwards to Monchique.
At the peak of this mountain the clear visibility allowed us to see may migrants that were all around the top of the highest mountain in the Algarve.

Northern Wheatears were abundant and the local Blue Rock Thrush were squabbling with three or four migrant Rufous-tailed Rock Thrushes.

A single Sparrowhawk was seen hunting close to the car park and Dartford Warbler was watched flitting from a nearby fence post.

Greenfinches flew past as we watched a single Woodlark and Goldfinches sang as they flew past as we watched a single Rock Bunting.

We drove down to Silves, the oldest town in Portugal for lunch and later toured around Lagoa dos Salgados, a rich lake close to the coast. Work is in progress to protect the site from water loss and the main part of the lake was dry with only a distant edge containing water. Over 200 Glossy Ibis were seen with some Greater Flamingoes and Eurasian Spoonbill. A little Bittern was present and a few Purple Swamphens.

After dinner at our new hotel in Sagres we settled down for the night.

Great Skua

Grey Phalarope
 Day 6.
Monday the 7th of October 2013

Our planned boat trip from Sagres harbour went to plan and calm seas with a light breeze made for perfect pelagic birdwatching conditions. We motored out around 11 nautical miles to where a trawler and another fishing vessel were working. Here a considerable number of gulls could be seen from afar following the working trawler. As we approached a school of Common Dolphins were seen feeding, coming to the surface for air every minute or so. A few Cory’s Shearwaters and many Northern Gannets were in the area and a Great Skua was in amongst the gulls and Dolphins who seemed to be feeding on a shoal of anchovies.

As we neared the trawler more Cory’s and a few Balearic Shearwaters came past. Great Shearwater was then watched close by and we had great views of all the Shearwaters.
Some time later four or five European Storm Petrels came flying in and whizzed around the boat, stopping briefly to flutter and peck morsels of food from the sea then fly quickly off again.
We stayed in the area for around an hour maneuvering the boat, constantly changing direction to let everyone get good views of all these wonderful sea birds.

On the journey back to Sagres we spotted an Arctic Skua heading south from Cape St Vincent.Going back to the hotel we spotted a large flock of mixed raptors coming in over the town. Most were Booted Eagles but there were a few Short-toed Eagles that passed really close by. A lone Black Kite was also in the spiraling flock that eventually rose on a large coastal thermal then drifted off down the Algarve coastline.

Honey Buzzard

Little Bittern

Lunch was taken in the shade at a local restaurant outside of town and later we explored the heath and scrublands between Sagres town and the cape.
Dartford Warbler, Northern Wheatear, Woodlark, Whinchat were seen and Turtle Dove and Thekla Lark were new birds to add to our bird list.

A kettle of nine Black Storks were watched and Common Kestrels, Sparrowhawks and some Common Buzzard were seen. At a local watchpoint we saw two juvenile Bonelli’s Eagles come close before turning in the afternoon light. More Booted Eagles and singles of Short-toed Eagles came past high in the clear sky.

Travelling inland a flock of Yellow Wagtails were seen feeding amongst cattle and Skylark, Tawny Pipit, Short-toed Lark and a large flock of Linnet were seen feeding. A little Owl sat perched on a nearby farm building as we scanned for more larks and the ever elusive Little Bustards. A short time later while walking along one of the tracks to the beach Gill spotted a single Little Bustard take to the air and fly off over the cattle. Robin and Stephen went back to collect the mini busses and we all drove to the area where the bustard had landed. Searching in vain we about turned and on the way back saw a small group of four Little Bustards take to the air and fly southwards.

After all this excitement we watched a single Eleonora’s Falcon fly across a distant tree line where a flock of mixed raptors were intent in using the trees as a roost. A small flock of Honey Buzzards came into the area and we watched some Booted Eagles land in the trees and Short-toed Eagles fly up and down checking the area. A short time alter we saw pair of local Peregrine Falcons fly past the same area.

A flock of Red-billed Choughs were the last birds we saw and we watched a pair mutually preen each other in the late afternoon light.
Long-tailed Tit. The southern birds are quite dark in colour

Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush on migration at Monchique

 Day 7.
Tuesday the 8th of October 2013

After breakfast we headed back along the dramatic coastline to Cape St Vincent. Here we stood on the cliff tops at the Cape and watched Cory’s and Balearic Shearwaters join hundreds of Northern Gannets passing south around the headland. Some Mediterranean gulls and a few Sandwich Terns also came past and a Eurasian Whimbrel was seen perched on a distant cliff face.

Black Redstarts and Northern Wheatears were common passage migrants all along the rocky outcrops and Rock Doves were plentiful. Searching other corners of the cliff edges and scrub we watched Dartford and Sardinian Warblers. One Iberian Chiffchaff was identified and obligingly posed for the group.

As the day temperature rose we saw the first of the raptors come in across the flat landscape. We took up position on the raptor watch point to see two Bonelli’s Eagles pass back and forth across the sun. Many Short-toed and Booted Eagles sailed past and a party of seven Black Storks were also watched. Sparrowhawks, Common and a few Honey Buzzards came by and in the woodland we had a fleeting glimpse of a Two-tailed Pasha butterfly.

Sagres fishing boat

A bad hair day for this Thekla Lark at Cape St. Vincent

After taking lunch in Sagres we decided that a siesta was needed and went back to our nearby hotel. Some took a nap while others cooled down in the hotel’s pool.

Later in the afternoon we walked around the headland near Sagres. Here we watched some Cory’s, Great and Balearic Shearwaters come close by the headland as did fourteen or so Bottle-nosed Dolphins that hunted and swam close to the cliffs. A single Peregrine Falcon was seen perched on the cliffs and some Red-billed Choughs chattered as they flew along the headland.

Back at the hotel we took dinner and added new species to our list.

A presumed hybrid Western Reef Heron x Little Egret gularis x garzetta

A juvenile White-winged Tern was another rare find
 Day 8.
Wednesday the 9th of October 2013

We travelled first of all to the outskirts of Lagos for the last day’s birding. The group flights back home were later that afternoon and we were keen to find Black-winged Kite, an elusive bird at this time of the year and one of the nomad types that can turn up anywhere.

Checking out the river and upper estuary we found Common Waxbills and many other species that we’d seen before but it wasn’t until we’d scoured the surrounding countryside that Robin spotted a Black-winged Kite in flight. This juvenile bird was watched with great pleasure by all and came close by to where we were standing and all of us had good views. A good result for all! A Great Spotted Woodpecker was also seen in flight.
Continuing along to Faro we parked and took lunch at a fish restaurant on the estuary. Mediterranean Gulls came past as did Sandwich Terns as we enjoyed another good local meal.
In the afternoon we checked out a woodland strip leading to Ludo Farm finding Short-toed Treecreeper.

Black-winged Kite

At this point Stephen took Brian and Virginia back to Faro Airport to check-in. Len and Gill came with them to collect a hire car at the airport as they wanted to spend extra days exploring Portugal. The rest of the group continued in Robin’s minibus and… amazingly bumped into another Black-winged Kite.



Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa
Small parties seen most days
Gadwall Anas strepera
Many at the wetland habitats.
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Many at the wetland habitats.
Shoveler Anas clypeata
Some at the wetland habitats.
Common Pochard Aythya ferina
A few Quinta do Lago and one Ludo Farm. .
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
     Forty plus Ludo Farm.
Cory’s Shearwater Calonectris diomedea
About ten from the boat trip from Sagres, at least twenty-five off Cape St Vincent and about six off Sagres
Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus
Two from the boat trip from Sagres and eight off Cape St Vincent.
Great Shearwater Ardenna gravis
         Six boat trip from Sagres and one off Sagres.
European Storm-petrel Hydrobates pelagicus
Five from the boat trip out of Sagres.
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Common at wetlands
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
Four Quinta do Lago Ludo, four Castro Marim saltpans and two   Ludo Farm.
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis
Fifty plus Castro Marim saltpans and one Altura.
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus
At least thirty Tavira saltpans, three hundred and fifty plus Castro Marim saltpans, seven Lagoa dos Salgados and eighty plus Ludo Farm
Black Stork Ciconia nigra
Two Castro Verde, twenty-seven en route over A2 and sixteen in total Cape St Vincent.
White Stork Ciconia ciconia
A few seen here and there and a couple of double figure flocks.
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
One Tavira, nine or so Quinta do Lago, twenty-seven over Castro Marim saltpans and two hundred plus Lagoa dos Salgado
Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
Sixty plus Tavira, two hundred and ninety Castro Marim saltpans, four Lagoa dos Salgados and ten Faro.
Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus
Two or three Quinta do Lago.
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Common and widespread.
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Common and widespread.
Gannet Morus bassanus
One Altura, many during the boat trip from Sagres and off Cape St Vincent and Sagres.
Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Seen most days.
Shag Leucocarbo aristotelis
One Sagres.
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
     One Tavira
Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
A few seen most days.
Peregrine Falco peregrinus
A couple Cape St Vincent, one Sagres and one Ludo Farm
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus
One near Lagos and one Ludo Farm.
Red Kite Milvus milvus
One Sagres.
Black Kite Milvus migrans
One Castro Verde, two Sagres and another Cape St Vincent.
Eurasian Griffon Gyps fulvus
About ten Castro Verde.
Black Vulture Aegypius monachus
     One Mertola
Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus
Eight Cape St Vincent.
Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
Five Castro Marim saltpans and ones and twos here and there
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
Seen most days.
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata
     Four Cape St Vincent.
Booted Eagle Aquila pennata
     Two Quinta do Lago, up to forty-eight Sagres and Castro Verde   Cape St Vincent, one near Lagos and one Ludo Farm.
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae
     One Cape St Vincent.
Great Bustard Otis tarda
Fifteen on the pseudo-steppe Castro Verde.
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax
 A flock of seven Castro Verde and five Cape St Vincent.
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio
Eight Quinta do Lago, four Lagoa dos Salgados and one Ludo Farm.
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Fairly common.
Coot Fulica atra
Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
Ten Tavira and at least one hundred at the mouth of the Rio Guadiana at Vila Real de St Antonio.
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Common and widespread.
Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Several Tavira and Castro Marim saltpans.
Lapwing Vanella vanellus
Ten Castro Verde, one Tavira and several Lagoa dos Salgados.
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
A few Tavira and seventy plus at the mouth of the Rio Guadiana at Vila Real de St Antonio.
Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
Common at coastal wetlands.
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
     One Castro Verde.
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
 A few Tavira and Castro Marim saltpans.
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
One or two Tavira, two Castro Marim and six Lagoa dos Salgados.
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Many at Tavira and Castro Marim saltpans and a few Lagoa dos Salgados.
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
Several Tavira, four Lagoa dos Salgados and one Faro.
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Only one or two heard or seen at a few locatilties.
Curlew Numenius arquata
Twenty plus Tavira and one Lagoa dos Salgados.
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
One Ludo Farm.
Redshank Tringa totanus
Common on the estuaries and saltpans.
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
A few on the estuaries and saltpans.
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Three Castro Verde, six Castro Marim saltpans and one Lagoa dos Salgados.
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Two Tavira, one Castro Marim saltpans, one Altura, one Lagoa dos Salgados and one Ludo Farm.
Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Several Tavira and Castro Marim saltpans, one Lagoa dos Salgados and four Sagres.
Knot Calidris canutus
     Six Tavira, three Castro Marim saltpans and two Lagoa dos Salgados.
Sanderling Calidris alba
Several on the various saltpans and estuaries.
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Thirty plus Tavira and Castro Marim saltpansa few Lagoa dos Salgados and several Ludo Farm.
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Up to twenty Tavira a couple Castro Marim saltpans.
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Many at most saltpans and estuaries.
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Three Castro Marim.
Grey Phalarope
     One Tavira.
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Very common and seen most days.
Audouin’s Gull Larus audouinii
Sixty plus Tavira saltpans and Castro Marim saltpans, several mouth of Rio Guadiana and one Lagoa dos Salgados.
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephala
Several Tavira, a few at the mouth of the Rio Guadiana at Vila Real de St Antonio and three Faro.
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis
The most numerous of the larger gulls.
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus intermedius/graellsii
Very common and seen every day.
Little Tern Sternula albifrons
Five Lagoa dos Salgados.
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
Six Castro Marim and one Lagoa dos Salgados.
Black Tern Chlidonias niger
     One Lagoa dos Salgados.
White-winged Black Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
     One identified from photographs Lagoa dos Salgados.
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensi
Widespread in small numbers.
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea
     One Quinta do Lago.
Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus
     One Sagres boat trip.
Great Skua Stercorarius skua
A few from the boat trip from Sagres.
Rock Dove Columba livia
Birds showing the plumage characters and behaviour of wild Rock Doves were only seen on the seacliffs in the extreme southwest  Cape St Vincent and Sagres harbour. Domesticated/feral pigeons common.
Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur
     Two Cape St Vincent and another Ludo Farm.
Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Widespread and common.
Barn Owl Tyto alba
     One heard Tavira.
Little Owl Athene noctua
Several seen here and there
Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Two Castro Verde and one Castro Marim saltpans.
Hoopoe Upupa epops
One and twos seen here and there.
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
One near Lagos
Iberian Green Woodpecker Picus sharpei
One Lagoa dos Salgados.
Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis
At least twenty-five Castro Verde and two Castro Marim.
Jay Garrulus glandarius
Ones and twos here and there.
Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyanus
A common species.
Magpie Pica pica
Several in eastern Algarve.
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Up to three Sagres and seventy plus Cape St Vincent.
Jackdaw Corvus monedula
Fifty plus Castro Verde andup to forty plus Cape St Vincent.
Carrion Crow Corvus corone
A few see Castro Verde.
Raven Corvus corax
Eight Castro Verde.
Great Tit Parus major
Two Ludo Farm.
Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus
One Monchique.
Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris
Four Mertola and two Cape St Vincent.
Swallow Hirundo rustica
Three Castro Verde and two Ludo Farm.
House Martin Delichon urbica
Ten Mertola.
Red-rumped Swallow Hirundo daurica
Several seen including one hundred or so Monchique.
Crested Lark Galerida cristata
Common and widespread.
Thekla Lark Galerida theklae
Common at Cape St Vincent.
Skylark Alauda arvensis
Two Cape St Vincent.
Woodlark Lullula arborea
Two in song Monchique and up to five Cape St Vincent.
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
Seen most days.
Cetti’s Warbler Cettia cetti
     Three Lagoa dos Salgados and heard Ludo Farm.
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
A few seen here and there.
Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Two Monchique.
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
One Cape St Vincent.
Whitethroat Sylvia communis
     Two Cape St Vincent.
Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata
One Quinta do Lago, six Monchique and eight Cape St Vincent.
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala
Common and widespread.
Starling Sturnus vulgaris
     One Cape St Vincent.
Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor
Widespread and fairly common. 
Blackbird Turdus merula
A few here and there.
Robin Erithacus rubecula
One Monchique.
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Up to four Cape St Vincent and two Sagres.
Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
One Quinta do Lago, two Cape St Vincent and one near Lagos.
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
Ones and twos here and there.
Stonechat Saxicola rubicola
Widespread and common.
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
Fairly common including forty plus Monchique.
Common Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis
Four Monchique and one Cape St Vincent.
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius
Up to four Monchique and one Cape St Vincent.
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
One Quinta do Lago
Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca
Ones and twos here and there.
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Common and widespread.
Yellow-backed (Black-headed) Weaver Ploceus melanocephalus
Several Quinta do Lago.
Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild
A few near Lagos and two Ludo Farm.
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
Two Tavira, one Lagoa dos Salgados and twenty plus Cape St Vincent .
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
     One Ludo Farm.
White Wagtail Motacilla alba
Two Castro Verde.
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris
One Cape St Vincent.
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
     One heard Monchique.
Serin Serinus serinus
    A couple at Castro Marim.
Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Fairly common and widespread.
Linnet Carduelis cannabina
A couple of flocks of fifty.
Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra
Locally common and widespread.
Rock Bunting Emberiza cia
Two Monchique.

Iberian Hare Lepus granatensis
Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus
Common Dolphin Delphinus delphis

Spanish Terrapin Mauremys leprosa
European Pond Terrapin Emys orbicularis
Moorish Gecko Tarentola mauritanica
Stripeless Tree Frog Hyla meridionalis
Iberian Water Frog Rana perezi

Swallowtail Papilio machaon
Large White Pieris brassicae
Small White Artogeia rapae

Bath White Pontia daplidice

Clouded Yellow Colias crocea
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni
Two-tailed Pasha Charaxes jasius

Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta

Painted Lady Vanessa cardui
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas
Brown Argus Aricia agestis
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus
Lang’s Short-tailed Blue Leptotes pirithous
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina

Lesser Emperor Anax parthenope
Vagrant Emperor Anax ephippiger
Blue Emperor (aka Emperor Dragonfly) Anax imperator
Migrant Hawker Aeshna mixta
Red-veined Darter Sympetrum fonscolombei
Broad (aka Scarlet) Darter Crocothemis erythraea
Violet Dropwing Trithemis annulata

Red-winged Grasshopper species